Monday, April 12, 2010

HoPiNg AgAiNsT hOpE

The disaster of world environmental condition across the globe is beckoning from its black hole. All the developing and developed countries are tremble in this issue these days. The most developed nations who who are positioned in the bandwagon of G7 are mostly from occidental except Japan (i.e.UK, US, German, France, Australia). All these countries are come under the group of developed industrialized country where the environmental condition never tried to knot with the denseness of industries having a garland of toxic carbon gases.

From the Second World War we witnessed a great environmental disaster and hazards to the flora and fauna. The best examples are two historical rivers, Rhine and Theme where we witness a hazardous effect of environment on the ecosystem of these two rivers. This made people alert and various environment operations carried out. All the industries that established on the bank of these two rivers remained closed. The consequences are awesome. The lost ecosystem was again revitalized and regained. Can’t we say it’s an environmental mystery?

Let’s put some statistics. It is said that to consume the carbon dioxide from one cigarette we need eight big trees. So we should imagine that 700 crore people from the world excrete how much carbon per day. So it would be around 840 crores kg apart from our own vehicles, industries and white goods what contribute still more carbon dioxides.

Everybody is concern about the fear of greenhouse gas and its ill effect on melting of ice and rising of water level. A lot of questions rose against the carbon trading concepts of developed nations. It’s simply a betrayal against the trust of whole global community. It simply promotes the developed countries to set up more industries, manufacture more goods, and emit more carbons to the environment. In return the developing countries will plant more trees to absorb all carbons and for that they will be rewarded with dollar. In short they are littering in front of the temple and paying some money to clean it because littering in front of the temple is their birth right.

So where we will go? How this jigsaw puzzle would will be solve? Shall we pray two minutes for the plants every day before we sleep or shall we think and tends to execute the ancient saying of “Basuveiva Kutumvakam”? so that we can only dream up of a beautiful planet for our next generation.

Friday, January 29, 2010

Water Shed Management: Our Crying Need


Be praised, My Lord, through Sister Water;
she is very useful, and humble, and precious, and pure.
(Extracted)
Water is fundamental for life and health. The human right to water is indispensable for leading a healthy life in human dignity. In fact, it is a pre-requisite to the realization of all other human rights. We are in a world where resources being scarce day by day. We are in a nightmare of water scarcity. In this hype and fear somewhere the water shed management provides a solution to some of our disturbing queries on Resource management So Watershed management basically involves harmonizing the use of soil and water resources between upstream and downstream areas within a watershed toward the objectives of natural resource conservation, increased agricultural productivity and a better standard of living for its inhabitants. The demand for water exceeds its supply. Identifying and addressing the significant externalities associated with watershed is critical for these objectives to be achieved in a sustainable manner. In India, where a lot of water goes waste, it is important to apply the technology of watershed management to solve its annual problems of droughts and floods. Planning and development of watersheds calls for a rigorous understanding of the occurrence and movement of water in the surface and sub-surface systems along with soil and nutrient losses in a watershed as the need arises for a proper watershed management of that area.
Let us confined our discussion to Orissa, especially the western part of Orissa. With major rivers in Orissa flowing in the west-east direction, most of the rain water goes directly to the sea whereas there is a huge water scarcity at the upstream. On the other hand, with 40 per cent pore space in the soil we can help it absorb the runoff water by delaying the drainage process through adoption of various rain water harvesting techniques so that the ground water table can also be maintained properly. The rainwater harvesting mechanism can contribute more for western Orissa farmers than the Hirakud reservoir.
Water of Hirakud Dam that emerged as a major hurdle before the government to implement several projects as Industrialization gears up. The recent farmers' agitation in western Orissa has come as a major headache for Policies maker. People blaming the government as it seem to be more concerned for industries than farmers. Hundreds of farmers have been opposing industrial use of water from the 25.8-km long Hirakud dam. In a growing free market Economy we can’t demote the uprising of Industrialization on the name of environmental or resource damage, rather sorting out a plan is of prime importance. Some Researchers pointed out that after 10-15years down the line we people are going to deprived from rain. Let’s ready for any sorts of such eventualities and promote Ground water management/watershed management without demoting industrialization completely.
Every human should have the idea of taking care of the environment, of nature, of water. So using too much or wasting water should have some kind of feeling or sense of concern. Some sort of responsibility and with that, a sense of discipline.

Taken from "Souvenir"

S.Barpanda,Institution Builder,PBTI