Friday, January 29, 2010

Water Shed Management: Our Crying Need


Be praised, My Lord, through Sister Water;
she is very useful, and humble, and precious, and pure.
(Extracted)
Water is fundamental for life and health. The human right to water is indispensable for leading a healthy life in human dignity. In fact, it is a pre-requisite to the realization of all other human rights. We are in a world where resources being scarce day by day. We are in a nightmare of water scarcity. In this hype and fear somewhere the water shed management provides a solution to some of our disturbing queries on Resource management So Watershed management basically involves harmonizing the use of soil and water resources between upstream and downstream areas within a watershed toward the objectives of natural resource conservation, increased agricultural productivity and a better standard of living for its inhabitants. The demand for water exceeds its supply. Identifying and addressing the significant externalities associated with watershed is critical for these objectives to be achieved in a sustainable manner. In India, where a lot of water goes waste, it is important to apply the technology of watershed management to solve its annual problems of droughts and floods. Planning and development of watersheds calls for a rigorous understanding of the occurrence and movement of water in the surface and sub-surface systems along with soil and nutrient losses in a watershed as the need arises for a proper watershed management of that area.
Let us confined our discussion to Orissa, especially the western part of Orissa. With major rivers in Orissa flowing in the west-east direction, most of the rain water goes directly to the sea whereas there is a huge water scarcity at the upstream. On the other hand, with 40 per cent pore space in the soil we can help it absorb the runoff water by delaying the drainage process through adoption of various rain water harvesting techniques so that the ground water table can also be maintained properly. The rainwater harvesting mechanism can contribute more for western Orissa farmers than the Hirakud reservoir.
Water of Hirakud Dam that emerged as a major hurdle before the government to implement several projects as Industrialization gears up. The recent farmers' agitation in western Orissa has come as a major headache for Policies maker. People blaming the government as it seem to be more concerned for industries than farmers. Hundreds of farmers have been opposing industrial use of water from the 25.8-km long Hirakud dam. In a growing free market Economy we can’t demote the uprising of Industrialization on the name of environmental or resource damage, rather sorting out a plan is of prime importance. Some Researchers pointed out that after 10-15years down the line we people are going to deprived from rain. Let’s ready for any sorts of such eventualities and promote Ground water management/watershed management without demoting industrialization completely.
Every human should have the idea of taking care of the environment, of nature, of water. So using too much or wasting water should have some kind of feeling or sense of concern. Some sort of responsibility and with that, a sense of discipline.

Taken from "Souvenir"

S.Barpanda,Institution Builder,PBTI

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